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Spark RDD with Apache Lucene's query capabilities.

The main abstractions are special types of RDD called LuceneRDD, FacetedLuceneRDD and ShapeLuceneRDD, which instantiate a Lucene index on each Spark executor. These RDDs distribute search queries and aggregate search results between the Spark driver and its executors. Currently, the following queries are supported:

Operation Syntax Description
Term Query LuceneRDD.termQuery(field, query, topK) Exact term search
Fuzzy Query LuceneRDD.fuzzyQuery(field, query, maxEdits, topK) Fuzzy term search
Phrase Query LuceneRDD.phraseQuery(field, query, topK) Phrase search
Prefix Query LuceneRDD.prefixSearch(field, prefix, topK) Prefix search
Query Parser LuceneRDD.query(queryString, topK) Query parser search
Faceted Search FacetedLuceneRDD.facetQuery(queryString, field, topK) Faceted Search
Record Linkage RDD[T], linkageFct: T => searchQuery, topK) Record linkage via Lucene queries
Circle Search ShapeLuceneRDD.circleSearch((x,y), radius, topK) Search within radius
Bbox Search ShapeLuceneRDD.bboxSearch(lowerLeft, upperLeft, topK) Bounding box
Spatial Linkage ShapeLuceneRDD.linkByRadius(RDD[T], linkage: T => (x,y), radius, topK) Spatial radius linkage

Using the query parser, you can perform prefix queries, fuzzy queries, prefix queries, etc and any combination of those. For more information on using Lucene's query parser, see Query Parser.

Here are a few examples using LuceneRDD for full text search, spatial search and record linkage. All examples exploit Lucene's flexible query language. For spatial search, lucene-spatial and jts are required.

For more, check the wiki. More examples are available at examples and performance evaluation examples on AWS can be found here.


For an overview of the library, check these ScalaIO 2016 Slides.


You can link against this library (for Spark 1.4+) in your program at the following coordinates:

Using SBT:

libraryDependencies += "org.zouzias" %% "spark-lucenerdd" % "0.4.0"

Using Maven:


This library can also be added to Spark jobs launched through spark-shell or spark-submit by using the --packages command line option. For example, to include it when starting the spark shell:

$ bin/spark-shell --packages org.zouzias:spark-lucenerdd_2.12:0.4.0

Unlike using --jars, using --packages ensures that this library and its dependencies will be added to the classpath. The --packages argument can also be used with bin/spark-submit.


The project has the following compatibility with Apache Spark:

Artifact Release Date Spark compatibility Notes Status
0.4.1-SNAPSHOT >= 3.5.0, JVM 11 develop Under Development
0.4.0 2023-10-06 = 3.5.0, JVM 11 develop Released
0.3.10 2021-06-02 >= 2.4.8, JVM 8 tag v0.3.10 Released
0.3.9 2020-11-30 >= 2.4.7, JVM 8 tag v.0.3.9 Released
0.2.8 2017-05-30 2.1.x, JVM 7 tag v0.2.8 Released
0.1.0 2016-09-26 1.4.x, 1.5.x, 1.6.x tag v0.1.0 Cross-released with 2.10/2.11

Project Status and Limitations

Implicit conversions for the primitive types (Int, Float, Double, Long, String) are supported. Moreover, implicit conversions for all product types (i.e., tuples and case classes) of the above primitives are supported. Implicits for tuples default the field names to "_1", "_2", "_3, ... following Scala's naming conventions for tuples. In addition, implicits for most Spark DataFrame types are supported (MapType and boolean are missing).

Custom Case Classes

If you want to use your own custom class with LuceneRDD you can do it provided that your class member types are one of the primitive types (Int, Float, Double, Long, String).

For more details, see LuceneRDDCustomcaseClassImplicits under the tests directory.



A docker compose script is setup with some preliminary notebook in Zeppelin, run

docker-compose up

For more LuceneRDD examples on Zeppelin, check these examples

Build from Source

Install Java, SBT and clone the project

git clone
cd spark-lucenerdd
sbt compile assembly

The above will create an assembly jar containing spark-lucenerdd functionality under target/scala-*/spark-lucenerdd-assembly-*.jar