cmhteixeira / delegate-macro   0.3.0


Annotation to automatically delegate/proxy implementation of interface to dependency

Scala versions: 2.13 2.12 2.11

Delegate Macro   Build Status Maven Central

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This macro enables you to delegate/proxy the implementation of an interface to a dependency in a very straightforward way. It saves you from the tedious work of doing it manually when the interface is very large.

Why would you want to do that?

A good use case is helping you implement the delegate (a.k.a. proxy) pattern. This pattern is useful when you have a class over which you want to have some control. Therefore, you wrap it in your own custom class, and manage access explicitly. Let's say you want to control access to a subset of the methods of a jdbc connection. For example, you want to log each time someone sets the schema. You don't want to implement java.sql.Connection yourself; least of all because there would be a lot of code duplication. So you create a custom wrapper class to which you manually inject an known implementation like com.mysql.cj.jdbc.ConnectionImpl, and then delegate all behaviour except that particular method you want to log:

class MyLoggingConnection(coreConnection: java.sql.Connection, logger: Logger) extends java.sql.Connection {
  // manually delegate everything else (over 50 other methods)
  def setSchema(schema: String): Unit = {
    logger.log("Someone is setting the schema")

The downside of this is that for interfaces with dozens of methods, you have to delegate manually which is tedious and error prone. More importantly, the intent of your custom wrapper class is lost amongst a sea of other methods.

With this macro annotation, the delegation part is done auto-magically.

How to use

Apply this macro to a class that implements an interface. At compile-time, the macro will implement the interface methods on your class using a dependency that you inject on that class, with the exception of the methods you implement manually on the source code.


import com.cmhteixeira.delegatemacro.Delegate

trait Connection {
  def method1(a: String): String

  def method2(a: String): String

  // 96 other abstract methods
  def method100(a: String): String

class MyConnection(delegatee: Connection) extends Connection {
  def method10(a: String): String = "Only method I want to implement manually"

// The source code above would be equivalent, after the macro expansion, to the code below
class MyConnection(delegatee: Connection) extends Connection {
  def method1(a: String): String = delegatee.method1(a)

  def method2(a: String): String = delegatee.method2(a)

  def method10(a: String): String = "Only method I need to implement manually"

  // 96 other methods that are proxied to the dependency delegatee
  def method100(a: String): String = delegatee.method100(a)


The artefacts have been uploaded to Maven Central. Alternatively, they are also available on the GitHub registry.

Library Version Scala 2.11 Scala 2.12 Scala 2.13
0.3.0 Maven Central Maven Central Maven Central
0.2.0 Maven Central Maven Central Maven Central
0.1.0 Maven Central Maven Central Maven Central

Importing the library into your build system (e.g gradle, sbt), is not enough. Before Scala 3, support for macros is a bit clunky. You need to follow an extra step.

Scala 2.11 Scala 2.12 Scala 2.13
Import macro paradise plugin Import macro paradise plugin Enable compiler flag -Ymacro-annotations required

Using macro paradise plugin

Link to macro repo:


Add the following 3 portions to your build

// build.gradle
configurations {

dependencies {
  scalaCompilerPlugin "org.scalamacros:paradise_<your-scala-version>:<plugin-version>"

tasks.withType(ScalaCompile) {
  scalaCompileOptions.additionalParameters = [
    "-Xplugin:" + configurations.scalaCompilerPlugin.asPath

where <your-scala-version> must be the full scala version. For example 2.12.13, and not 2.12.

If that doesn't work, google for alternatives.


It should be quite straightforward.
Add the following line to your build.

addCompilerPlugin("org.scalamacros" % "paradise_<your-scala-version>" % "<plugin-version>")

Where <your-scala-version> must be the full scala version. For example 2.12.13, and not 2.12.

If that doesn't work, google for alternatives.

Enabling -Ymacro-annotations

In version 2.13, the functionality of macro paradise has been included in the scala compiler directly. However, you must still enable the compiler flag -Ymacro-annotations.

IntelliJ IDEA

There is no IntelliJ support.
This means, regardless of your Scala version, your IDE won't be able to expand the macro. Therefore, it will underline your annotated class with those red squiggly lines, stating your class does not implement all methods of the interface.
Don't worry about that. It is aesthetically unpleaseant, but of no real consequence.
The solution would be to develop a public plugin for Intellij for this macro.


Knowing what the macro does, either to increase your confidence that it is doing what you meant, or for debugging, you can compile your code in debug mode. This will log what the macro expanded your class into.
Achieving this depends on which build system you are using. If using gradle, run gradlew compileScala -i. The -i is for info. Check more information at the logging section of the gradle documentation.
You can try and force debug mode with @Delegate(verbose = true). However, this might not work if you build system is hiding the logs (as is the case for gradle without -i).
Alternatively, you can use flag -Ymacro-debug-verbose. This logs even more detailed information. I believe in this scenario everything is dumped to standard output, so it might overcome any logging limitations of your build system.