carlos-verdes / zio-arangodb   0.3.6

MIT License GitHub

ArangoDB client based on Scala3 and ZIO

Scala versions: 3.x


Main repo for zio-arangodb


ArangoDB supports 3 type of API's:

  • Velocypack over Velocystream (sockets)
  • Velocypack over HTTP
  • JSON over HTTP

This library is built on top of ZIO and is designed in a way it can (potentially) implement all protocols. Current version supports JSON over HTTP only using zio-http as underlying client.

Experimental: trying to support zio-schema, instead of using JSON encoder/decoder you would be able to use any type that has the typeclass Schema


import sbt._

object Dependencies {
  val zioArangoV = "0.0.3"

object Libraries {

  val zioArangoHttp   = "io.funkode" %% "zio-arangodb-http"   % zioArangoV

Example of usage:

import io.funkode.arangodb.*
import io.funkode.arangodb.http.*
import zio.*
import zio.Console.*
import zio.http.Client
import zio.http.Middleware.*
import zio.json.*

object Main extends ZIOAppDefault:

  import model.* // arango API types
  import JsonCodecs.given // json codecs for arango API types

  val testDb = DatabaseName("test")

  def app =
      db <- ArangoClientJson.database(testDb).createIfNotExist()
      dbInfo <-
      _ <- printLine(s"""Database info: $dbInfo""")
      collections <- db.collections(true)
      _ <- printLine(s"""Database collections: ${", ")}""")
      _ <- printLine(s"""Press any key to exit""")
      _ <- readLine
    yield ()

  def run = app.provide(
    ArangoConfiguration.default, // check reference.conf (HOCON), // JSON over HTTP
    Client.default, // zio-http client 

Testing (testcontainers / Docker)

To do IT testing you can use ArangoClientJson.testcontainers instead of live. It will add an ArangoContainer layer running on a random port and a client already configured against the instance

Example from it tests (check code for more examples):

import io.funkode.arangodb.*
import io.funkode.arangodb.http.*
import io.funkode.arangodb.model.*
import io.funkode.velocypack.VPack
import zio.*
import zio.http.Client
import zio.json.*
import zio.test.*

object ArangoDatabaseIT extends ZIOSpecDefault:

import JsonCodecs.given
import VPack.*
import docker.ArangoContainer

override def spec: Spec[TestEnvironment, Any] =
  suite("ArangoDB client should")(
    test("Create and drop a database") {
        container <- ZIO.service[ArangoContainer]
        _ <- Console.printLine(s"ArangoDB container running on port ${container.container.getFirstMappedPort.nn}")
        databaseApi <- ArangoClientJson.database("pets").create()
        dataInfo <-
        deleteResult <- databaseApi.drop
      yield assertTrue( == &&
        assertTrue(!dataInfo.isSystem) &&

ServerInfo API link

High level methods:

  • def databases: List[DatabaseName] - list of server databases
  • def version(details: Boolean = false): ServerVersion - server version, license type, etc

Example of usage:

  databases <- ArangoClientJson.serverInfo().databases
yield databases

Database API link

High level methods:

  • def name: DatabaseName - name of current database
  • def info: DatabaseInfo - get database info
  • def create(users: List[DatabaseCreate.User]): ArangoDatabase - create this database, will fail if already exist
  • def createIfNotExist(users: List[DatabaseCreate.User]): ArangoDatabase
  • def drop: Boolean - drop current database
  • def collections: List[CollectionInfo] - list of database collections
  • def graphs: List[GraphInfo] - list of database graphs
  • def collection(name: CollectionName): ArangoCollection - access to collection API

Example of usage:

val testDb = DatabaseName("test")

  dbApi <- ArangoClientJson.database(testDb).createIfNotExist()
  databaseInfo <-
  collections <- dbApi.collections()
yield (databaseInfo, collections)

Collection API link

High level methods:

  • def database: DatabaseName - current database name
  • def name: CollectionName - current collection name
  • def info: CollectionInfo - collection info
  • def create(setup: CollectionCreate => CollectionCreate) - create collection
  • def createIfNotExist(setup: CollectionCreate => CollectionCreate) - create collection if not exist
  • def drop(isSystem: Boolean = false): DeleteResult - drop collection

Example of usage:

  collection <- ArangoClientJson.collection("pets").createIfNotExist
  collectionInfo <-
yield collectionInfo

Documents API link

High level methods:

  • def database: DatabaseName - current database name
  • def collection: CollectionName - current collection name
  • def count: Long - number of documents for this collection
  • def insert[T](document: T, ...): Document[T] - insert new document, retrieves Document[T] which has internal id, key and revision
  • def create[T](documents: List[T], ...): List[Document[T]] - insert list of documents
  • def replace[T](documents: List[T], ...): List[Document[T]] - replace list of documents
  • def update[T, P](patch: List[P], ...): List[Document[T]] - patch list of documents
  • def remove[T, K](keys: List[K], ...): List[Document[T]] - remove list of documents by key

Example of usage:

  documents <- ArangoClientJson.collection(petsCollection).createIfNotExist().documents
  document <- documents.insert(pet1, true, true)
yield document


Document API link

High level methods:

  • def database: DatabaseName - current database name
  • def handle: DocumentHandle - current document handle (collection and key)
  • def read[T: Decoder]: T - retrieve current document
  • def head: ArangoMessage.Header - retrieve document metadata headers
  • def remove[T: Decoder]: Document[T] - delete document
  • def update[T, P](patch: P): Document[T] - patch document
  • def replate[T](document: T): Document[T] - replace document

Example of usage:

  collection <- ArangoClientJson.collection(petsCollection).createIfNotExist()
  document = collection.document(petKey)
  pet <-[Pet]
yield pet

Query API link

High level methods:

  • def database: DatabaseName - current database name
  • batchSize(value: Long): ArangoQuery - setup batch size and return new query
  • count(value: Boolean): ArangoQuery - set if query returns count
  • transaction(id: TransactionId): ArangoQuery - setup transaction id for the query
  • def execute[T: Decoder]: QueryResults[T] - execute query and return results (no pagination)
  • def cursor[T: Decoder]: ArangoCursor[T] - execute query and return results with cursor
  • def stream[T: Decoder]: ZStream[Any, ArangoError, T] - execute query and return streamed results

Examples of usage:

  db <- ArangoClientJson.database(DatabaseName("test"))
  queryCountries =
        Query("FOR c IN @@col SORT c RETURN c")
          .bindVar("@col", VString("countries"))
      .batchSize(2) // setup the batch size
  // query with cursor
  cursor <- queryCountries.cursor[Country]
  firstResults = cursor.body
  // cursor has a next method to get next batch
  more <-
  secondResults = more.body
  // another approach is to use directly streams
  firstStreamResults <-[Country].run(ZSink.take(4))
  streamResultsCount <-[Country].run(ZSink.count)
  streamedResults <-[Country]
yield streamedResults

Graph API link

High level methods:

  • def name: GraphName - graph name
  • def create: GraphInfo - create graph
  • def info: GraphInfo - graph info
  • def vertexCollections: List[CollectionName] - retrieves vertex collections
  • def addVertexCollection: GrahInfo - add a vertex collection
  • def removeVertexCollection: GrahInfo - remove a vertex collection
  • def collection: ArangoGraphCollection - access to graph collection api
  • def vertex(handle: DocumentHandle): ArangoGraphVertex - access to vertex api
  • def edge(handle: DocumentHandle): ArangoGraphEdge - access to edge api

Example of usage:

val politics = GraphName("politics")
val allies = CollectionName("allies")
val countries = CollectionName("countries")
val graphEdgeDefinitions = List(GraphEdgeDefinition(allies, List(countries), List(countries)))

  graph <- ArangoClientJson.graph(politics)
  graphCreated <- graph.create(graphEdgeDefinitions)
  alliesCol = ArangoClientJson.db.collection(allies)
  _ <- alliesCol.documents.create(alliesOfEs)
  queryAlliesOfSpain =
        Query("FOR c IN OUTBOUND @startVertex @@edge RETURN c")
          .bindVar("startVertex", VString(es.unwrap))
          .bindVar("@edge", VString(allies.unwrap))
  resultQuery <- queryAlliesOfSpain.execute[Country].map(_.result)
yield resultQuery

Scripts on this repository

Start ArangoDB with docker:

make startDockerArango

Run local test versus running ArangoDB instance (default port 8529):

make run