x4121 / swagger-akka-http

swagger-akka-http fork with swagger-jersey2-jaxrs



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Swagger-Akka-Http brings Swagger support for Akka-Http Apis. The included SwaggerHttpService route will inspect Scala types with Swagger annotations and build a swagger compliant endpoint for a swagger compliant ui.

This is a fork of swagger-akka-http/swagger-akka-http to support the latest jaxrs annotations.

The swagger spec is helpful for understanding the swagger api and resource declaration semantics behind swagger-core annotations.

Getting Swagger-Akka-Http

Release Version

The jars are hosted on sonatype and mirrored to Maven Central. Swagger-akka-http is built against scala 2.11. Snapshot releases are also hosted on sonatype.

libraryDependencies += "com.github.x4121" %% "swagger-akka-http" % "0.7.3"


pjfanning/swagger-akka-http-sample is a simple sample using the upstream project.

mhamrah/spray-swagger-sample is a spray api project with the original spray-swagger support and a Swagger UI.

The /test directory includes an HttpSwaggerServiceSpec which leverages akka-http.testkit to test the API. It uses a PetHttpService and UserHttpService declared in the /samples folder.


The SwaggerHttpService is a trait extending Akka-Http's HttpService. It will generate the appropriate Swagger json schema based on a set of inputs declaring your Api and the types you want to expose.

The SwaggerHttpService will contain a routes property you can concatenate along with your existing akka-http routes. This will expose an endpoint at <baseUrl>/<specPath>/<resourcePath> with the specified apiVersion, swaggerVersion and resource listing.

The service requires a set of apiTypes and modelTypes you want to expose via Swagger. These types include the appropriate Swagger annotations for describing your api. The SwaggerHttpService will inspect these annotations and build the approrpiate Swagger response.

Here's an example SwaggerHttpService snippet which exposes Wordnik's PetStore resources, Pet, User and Store. The routes property can be concatenated to your other route definitions:

class SwaggerDocService(system: ActorSystem) extends SwaggerHttpService with HasActorSystem {
  override implicit val actorSystem: ActorSystem = system
  override implicit val materializer: ActorMaterializer = ActorMaterializer()
  override val apiTypes = Seq(typeOf[PetService], typeOf[UserService], typeOf[StoreService])
  override val host = "localhost:8080" //the url of your api, not swagger's json endpoint
  override val basePath = "/"    //the basePath for the API you are exposing
  override val apiDocsPath = "api-docs" //where you want the swagger-json endpoint exposed
  val info = Info() //provides license and other description details

Adding Swagger Annotations

Akka-Http routing works by concatenating various routes, built up by directives, to produce an api. The routing dsl is an elegant way to describe an api and differs from the more common class and method approach of other frameworks. But because Swagger's annotation library requires classes, methods and fields to describe an Api, one may find it difficult to annotate a akka-http routing application.

A simple solution is to break apart a akka-http routing application into various resource traits, with methods for specific api operations, joined by route concatentation into a route property. These traits with can then be joined together by their own route properties into a complete api. Despite losing the completeness of an entire api the result is a more modular application with a succint resource list. The balance is up to the developer but for a reasonably-sized applicaiton organizing routes across various traits is probably a good idea.

With this structure you can apply @Api annotations to these individual traits and @ApiOperation annotations to methods.

You can also use jax-rs @Path annotations alongside @ApiOperations if you need fine-grained control over path specifications or if you want to support multiple paths per operation. The functionality is the same as swagger-core.

Resource Definitions

The general pattern for resource definitions and akka-http routes:

  • Place an individual resource in its own trait
  • Annotate the trait with @Api to describe the resource
  • Define specific api operations with def methods which produce a route
  • Annotate these methods with @ApiOperation, @ApiImplictParams and @ApiResponse accordingly
  • Concatenate operations together into a single routes property, wrapped with a path directive for that resource
  • Concatenate all resource traits together on their routes property to produce the final route structure for your application.

Here's what Swagger's pet resource would look like:

@Api(value = "/pet", description = "Operations about pets")
trait PetHttpService extends HttpService {

  @ApiOperation(httpMethod = "GET", response = classOf[Pet], value = "Returns a pet based on ID")
      new ApiImplicitParam(name = "petId", required = false, dataType = "integer", paramType = "path", value = "ID of pet that needs to be fetched")
    new ApiResponse(code = 400, message = "Invalid ID Supplied"),
    new ApiResponse(code = 404, message = "Pet not found")))
  def petGetRoute = get { path("pet" / IntNumber) { petId =>
    complete(s"Hello, I'm pet ${petId}!")
    } }

Notice the use of ApiImplicitParams. This is the best way to apply parameter information. The paramType can be used to specify path, body, header, query or form. If the dataType value is not of the basic types, swagger-akka-http will try and find the type in the modelTypes sequence. Refer to swagger-core for other attribute information.

Model Definitions

Model definitions are fairly self-explanatory. Attributes are applied to case class entities and their respective properties. A simplified Pet model:

@ApiModel(description = "A pet object")
case class Pet(
  @(ApiModelProperty @field)(value = "unique identifier for the pet")
  val id: Int,

  @(ApiModelProperty @field)(value = "The name of the pet")
  val name: String)

Swagger UI

This library does not include Swagger's UI only the api support for powering a UI. Adding such a UI to your akka-http app is easy with akka-http's getFromResource and getFromResourceDirectory support.

To add a Swagger UI to your site, simply drop the static site files into the resources directory of your project. The following trait will expose a swagger route hosting files from the resources/swagger/ directory:

trait Site extends Directives {
  val site =
    path("swagger") { getFromResource("swagger/index.html") } ~

You can then mix this trait with a new or existing Akka-Http class with an actorRefFactory and concatenate the site route value to your existing route definitions.

How Annotations are Mapped to Swagger

Swagger Annotations Guide