workingdog / scalakml

a kml 2.2 library in scala

Version Matrix

scalakml is a KML Version 2.2 library written in scala.

KML an Open Geospatial Consortium (OGC) standard

From reference 1, "KML is an XML language focused on geographic visualization, including annotation of maps and images. Geographic visualization includes not only the presentation of graphical data on the globe, but also the control of the user's navigation in the sense of where to go and where to look."

Specifically KML is used in Google Earth to display various geographic elements, such as; images, place marks, polygon shapes, 3D models, etc...

The scalakml library provides the KML elements as scala classes.


  1. OGC 07-147r2 Version: 2.2.0, Category: OGC Standard, Editor: Tim Wilson

  2. Google developers KML Reference


The scalakml library consists of 4 major packages:

  1. com.scalakml.kml, the set of KML classes

  2. com.scalakml.gx, the Google's GX extensions classes derived from the official kml22gx.xsd

  3., the reading and writing of kml elements

  4. com.scalakml.atom, the Atom classes


Add the following dependency to build.sbt:

libraryDependencies += "com.github.workingDog" %% "scalakml" % "1.5"

To compile and generate a jar file from the source:

sbt package

The jar file (scalakml_2.13-1.6-SNAPSHOT.jar) will be in the "./target/scala-2.13" directory.


scalakml depends on the Scala XML library.

Removed the dependency on scalaxal, that has the extensible Address Language (xAL) classes representing the AddressDetails. This means AddressDetails is now just a String.

See also build.sbt. Using Scala 2.13.


See reference 1 and 2 for the full documentation of kml. Most of the kml documentation are included the code documentation.

Most kml elements described in the references have been implemented with the same or similar class name. There is one exception, and that is the FeaturePart. This class represents the abstract feature part described in the references. Here it is a concrete class called FeaturePart and holds the elements of the abstract feature. Such that, for example, Placemark has a featurePart element, so to get the name of the placemark you could write:


The following (Feature) classes use FeaturePart: Document, Folder, Placemark, NetworkLink, PhotoOverlay, ScreenOverlay, GroundOverlay and Tour. A FeaturePart can be created and is typically added as an element to: Document, Folder, Placemark, etc...

Example [kml files] ( are included in the kml-files directory. The file KML_Samples.kml contains CDATA elements. The same file without the CDATA elements (example-no-cdata.kml) is also included.

To generate the scaladoc, type:

sbt doc


object WriteExample4 {
  def main(args: Array[String])  {
    // create a scala Kml object with a Placemark that contains a Point
    val kml = new Kml(new Placemark("Sydney", new Point(RelativeToGround, 151.21037, -33.8526, 12345.0)))
    // write the kml object to System.out 
    new KmlPrintWriter().write(kml, new PrettyPrinter(80, 3))

See scalakml-example for basic examples of using scalakml library.



The gx: extension has what is in the official kml22gx.xsd schema, it does not include some of the gx: elements from Google listed in reference 2.