scala / scala-collection-compat

makes some Scala 2.13 APIs (primarily collections, also some others) available on 2.11 and 2.12, to aid cross-building

Version Matrix

Purpose and scope

This library makes some Scala 2.13 APIs available on Scala 2.11 and 2.12.

The idea is to facilitate cross-building Scala 2.13 and 3.0 code on the older versions.

Although the name of the library is scala-"collection"-compat, we have now widened the scope to include other parts of the Scala 2.13/3.0 standard library besides just collections.

Only the most commonly used APIs are supported; many are missing. Contributions are welcome.


To use this library, add the following to your build.sbt:

libraryDependencies += "org.scala-lang.modules" %% "scala-collection-compat" % "<version>"

All future versions will remain backwards binary compatible with 2.0.0. (The 1.0.0 release was withdrawn and should not be used.)

How it works

The 2.13 collections redesign did not break source compatibility for most ordinary code, but there are some exceptions.

For example, the to method is used with a type parameter in 2.12:[List]

With this compatibility library you can instead use the 2.13 syntax, which takes a value parameter:

import scala.collection.compat._

The 2.13 and 3.0 versions consist only of an empty scala.collection.compat package object, so import scala.collection.compat._ won't cause an error in cross-compiled code.

The 2.11 and 2.12 versions have the needed compatibility code in this package.

The library also adds backported versions of new collection types, such as immutable.ArraySeq and immutable.LazyList. (On 2.13, these types are just aliases to standard library types.)

And it adds backported versions of some 2.13 collections methods such as maxOption.

And, it includes support for some non-collections classes such as the @nowarn annotation added in 2.13.2.

Migration rules

The migration rules use scalafix. Please see the official installation instructions and, in particular, check that your full Scala version is supported (ex 2.12.15).

// project/plugins.sbt
addSbtPlugin("ch.epfl.scala" % "sbt-scalafix" % "0.9.31")


The Collection213Upgrade rewrite upgrades to the 2.13 collections without the ability to compile the code-base with 2.12 or 2.11. This rewrite is suitable for applications that don't need to cross-compile against multiple Scala versions.

// build.sbt
ThisBuild / scalafixDependencies += "org.scala-lang.modules" %% "scala-collection-migrations" % "<version>"
scalacOptions ++= List("-Yrangepos", "-P:semanticdb:synthetics:on")
// sbt shell
> ;test:scalafix Collection213Upgrade ;scalafix Collection213Upgrade


The Collection213CrossCompat rewrite upgrades to the 2.13 collections with the ability to compile the code-base with 2.12 or later. This rewrite is suitable for libraries that are cross-published for multiple Scala versions.

To cross-build for 2.12 and 2.11, the rewrite rule introduces a dependency on the scala-collection-compat module, which provides some APIs of 2.13 on 2.12 and 2.11. This enables you to write your library using the latest 2.13 collections API while still supporting users on an older Scala version.

// build.sbt
ThisBuild / scalafixDependencies += "org.scala-lang.modules" %% "scala-collection-migrations" % "<version>"
libraryDependencies +=  "org.scala-lang.modules" %% "scala-collection-compat" % "<version>"
scalacOptions ++= List("-Yrangepos", "-P:semanticdb:synthetics:on")
// sbt shell
> ;test:scalafix Collection213CrossCompat ;scalafix Collection213CrossCompat


// If you are using project/Build.scala add the following imports:
import scalafix.sbt.ScalafixPlugin.autoImport.{scalafixDependencies, scalafixSemanticdb}


The migration tool is not exhaustive. Contributions of additional rewrites are welcome. If you encounter a use case that’s not supported, please report it as described in the contributing documentation.