newmotion / akka-rabbitmq

RabbitMq client in Scala and Akka actors


Akka RabbitMQ client Build Status

This small library allows you use RabbitMQ client via Akka Actors. The main idea implemented in library is to survive losing connection with RabbitMQ server

It gives you two actors ConnectionActor and ChannelActor


  • handles connection failures and notifies children
  • keep trying to reconnect if connection lost
  • provides children with new channels when needed


  • may store messages in memory if channel lost
  • send stored messages as soon as new channel received
  • retrieve new channel if current is broken

Please note that while this library transparently reconnects when a connection fails, it cannot guarantee that no messages will be lost. If you want to make sure every message is delivered, you have to use acknowledgements and confirms. This is documented in the RabbitMQ Reliability Guide. An example program using confirms can be found in this project under ConfirmsExample.scala.



Since version 3.0.0

libraryDependencies += "com.newmotion" %% "akka-rabbitmq" % "5.0.4-beta"

To add earlier releases as a dependency, you have to add the NewMotion public repository to your resolver list:

resolvers += "New Motion Repository" at ""
libraryDependencies += "com.thenewmotion.akka" %% "akka-rabbitmq" % "2.3"


Since version 4.0.0


Since version 3.0.0


For prior releases

    <name>New Motion Repository</name>

Tutorial in comparisons

Before start, you need to add import statement

    import com.newmotion.akka.rabbitmq._

Create connection

Default approach:

    val factory = new ConnectionFactory()
    val connection: Connection = factory.newConnection()

Actor style:

    val factory = new ConnectionFactory()
    val connectionActor: ActorRef = system.actorOf(ConnectionActor.props(factory))

Let's name it:

    system.actorOf(ConnectionActor.props(factory), "my-connection")

How often will it reconnect?

    import concurrent.duration._
    system.actorOf(ConnectionActor.props(factory, reconnectionDelay = 10.seconds), "my-connection")

Create channel

That's plain option:

    val channel: Channel = connection.createChannel()

But we can do better. Asynchronously:

    connectionActor ! CreateChannel(ChannelActor.props())


    val channelActor: ActorRef = connectionActor.createChannel(ChannelActor.props())

Maybe give it a name:

    connectionActor.createChannel(ChannelActor.props(), Some("my-channel"))

What's about custom actor:

    connectionActor.createChannel(Props(new Actor {
      def receive = {
        case channel: Channel =>

Setup channel

    channel.queueDeclare("queue_name", false, false, false, null)

Actor style:

    // this function will be called each time new channel received
    def setupChannel(channel: Channel, self: ActorRef) {
      channel.queueDeclare("queue_name", false, false, false, null)
    val channelActor: ActorRef = connectionActor.createChannel(ChannelActor.props(setupChannel))

Use channel

    channel.basicPublish("", "queue_name", null, "Hello world".getBytes)

Using our channelActor:

    def publish(channel: Channel) {
      channel.basicPublish("", "queue_name", null, "Hello world".getBytes)
    channelActor ! ChannelMessage(publish)

But I don't want to lose messages when connection is lost:

    channelActor ! ChannelMessage(publish, dropIfNoChannel = false)

Close channel



    system stop channelActor

Close connection



    system stop connectionActor // will close all channels associated with this connection

You can shutdown ActorSystem, this will close all connections as well as channels:




Here is RabbitMQ Publish/Subscribe in actors style

object PublishSubscribe extends App {
  implicit val system = ActorSystem()
  val factory = new ConnectionFactory()
  val connection = system.actorOf(ConnectionActor.props(factory), "akka-rabbitmq")
  val exchange = "amq.fanout"

  def setupPublisher(channel: Channel, self: ActorRef) {
    val queue = channel.queueDeclare().getQueue
    channel.queueBind(queue, exchange, "")
  connection ! CreateChannel(ChannelActor.props(setupPublisher), Some("publisher"))

  def setupSubscriber(channel: Channel, self: ActorRef) {
    val queue = channel.queueDeclare().getQueue
    channel.queueBind(queue, exchange, "")
    val consumer = new DefaultConsumer(channel) {
      override def handleDelivery(consumerTag: String, envelope: Envelope, properties: BasicProperties, body: Array[Byte]) {
        println("received: " + fromBytes(body))
    channel.basicConsume(queue, true, consumer)
  connection ! CreateChannel(ChannelActor.props(setupSubscriber), Some("subscriber"))

  Future {
    def loop(n: Long) {
      val publisher = system.actorSelection("/user/rabbitmq/publisher")

      def publish(channel: Channel) {
        channel.basicPublish(exchange, "", null, toBytes(n))
      publisher ! ChannelMessage(publish, dropIfNoChannel = false)

      loop(n + 1)

  def fromBytes(x: Array[Byte]) = new String(x, "UTF-8")
  def toBytes(x: Long) = x.toString.getBytes("UTF-8")



  • Fix: proper error handling of close channel and create channel

  • Fix: proper error handling of setup connection/channel callbacks

  • Fix: if callback exception is uncaught, close connection/channel

  • Fix: take into account blocking nature of new connection/channel

  • Fix: close channel if the channel actor never got it (deadletter)

  • Fix: channel actor shouldn't ask for channel after a connection shutdown

  • If unexpectedly received a new channel, close it and use the old instead

  • Log warning when a message isn't retried any longer + more debug logging

  • Update to latest dependencies:

    • Akka: 2.5.8 -> 2.5.+ (provided)
    • amqp-client: 5.1.1 -> 5.4.2
    • Typesafe Config: 1.3.2 -> 1.3.3
    • Specs2: 4.0.2 -> 4.3.4
    • SBT: 1.0.3 -> 1.2.3
    • sbt-build-seed: 4.0.2 -> 4.1.2
    • sbt-sonatype: 2.0 -> 2.3


  • Supersedes version 5.0.1 which has been withdrawn to investigate some unforeseen issues


  • Update to latest dependencies:

    • Akka: 2.4.14 -> 2.5.8
    • amqp-client: 4.0.0 -> 5.1.1
    • Typesafe Config: 1.3.1 -> 1.3.2
    • Specs2: 3.8.6 -> 4.0.2
    • SBT: 0.13.13 -> 1.0.3
    • sbt-build-seed: 2.1.0 -> 4.0.2
    • sbt-scalariform: 1.3.0 -> 1.8.2
    • sbt-sonatype: 1.1 -> 2.0
    • sbt-pgp: 1.0.0 -> 1.1.0


  • Change organization from com.thenewmotion to com.newmotion

Other Libraries

Akka-RabbitMQ is a low-level library, and leaves it to the coder to manually wire consumers, serialize messages, etc. If you'd like a higher-level abstraction library, look at Op-Rabbit (which uses this library).