multiformats / scala-multihash

Scala multihash implementation

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Scala multihash implementation

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scala-multihash can either be installed from Maven, or by directly referencing the github project using sbt.

To install from maven:

// in Build.scala
resolvers ++= Seq(

libraryDependencies ++= Seq(
  "io.mediachain" %% "multihash" % "0.1.0"

This may be out of date, so if you want to keep up with the latest development, you can include a project reference, pinned to a specific commit hash:

// in Build.scala
val scalaMultihashCommit = "56e9b6b559463ef85e3eb41e054e62a47eff33eb" // or w/e
lazy val scalaMultihash = RootProject(uri(

lazy val MyProject = Project(...).dependsOn(scalaMultihash)


import io.mediachain.multihash.MultiHash

// create a SHA-256 multihash digest of a byte array:
val message = "hello world"
val mh = MultiHash.hashWithSHA256(message.getBytes("utf-8"))
println(mh.base58) // => QmaozNR7DZHQK1ZcU9p7QdrshMvXqWK6gpu5rmrkPdT3L4
println(mh.hex) // => 1220b94d27b9934d3e08a52e52d7da7dabfac484efe37a5380ee9088f7ace2efcde9
val mhBytes: Array[Byte] = mh.bytes

// decode a base58-encoded multihash string:
// Operations that might fail return an Xor, which is like an Either from the scala standard lib
// An Xor will either contain Xor.Left(errorValue) or Xor.Right(successValue)
// In contrast to Either, Xor can be used in for comprehensions, and will
// "short circuit" if an error occurs:

import io.mediachain.multihash.MultiHashError
val decodedXor: Xor[MultiHashError, MultiHash] = 

val networkThing = for {
  mh <- MultiHash.fromBase58("nope, sorry")
  value <- NetworkStuff.fetchByMultihash(mh)  // assume fetchByMultihash also returns an Xor
} yield value

// In the example above, NetworkStuff.fetchByMultihash will never execute,
// because the for comprehension will abort after Multihash.fromBase58 fails.
// Note that `networkThing` will also be an Xor.

// You can also use map, flatMap, etc on Xor values directly, and you can pattern
// match against them:
val hexStringXor: Xor[MultiHashError, String] = 

hexStringXor match {
  case Xor.Right(hexString) => println(hexString)
  case Xor.Left(err) => println("error: $err")

// prints "1220b94d27b9934d3e08a52e52d7da7dabfac484efe37a5380ee9088f7ace2efcde9"

// if you're certain that an operation won't error, you can use Xor.getOrElse
val hexString: String = 
    .getOrElse {
        throw new Exception("something went horribly wrong")


Currently, SHA-3, Blake-2b and Blake-2s are unsupported.

There's only one "friendly" digest method, MultiHash.hashWithSHA256, but you can encode a multihash with other digests using MultiHash.fromHash:

import io.mediachain.multihash.{MultiHash, MultiHashError}

val digest = MessageDigest.getInstance("SHA-1").digest("hello sha-1".getBytes)
val mh: Xor[MultiHashError, MultiHash] = MultiHash.fromHash(MultiHash.sha1, digest)


Captain: @parkan.


Contributions welcome. Please check out the issues.

Check out our contributing document for more information on how we work, and about contributing in general. Please be aware that all interactions related to multiformats are subject to the IPFS Code of Conduct.

Small note: If editing the README, please conform to the standard-readme specification.


MIT © 2016 Ratio Club, Inc.