jetbrains / kotlin-spark-api

This projects gives Kotlin bindings and several extensions for Apache Spark. We are looking to have this as a part of Apache Spark 3.x

Version Matrix

Kotlin for Apache® Spark™

Your next API to work with Apache Spark.

This project adds a missing layer of compatibility between Kotlin and Apache Spark. It allows Kotlin developers to use familiar language features such as data classes, and lambda expressions as simple expressions in curly braces or method references.

We have opened a Spark Project Improvement Proposal: Kotlin support for Apache Spark to work with the community towards getting Kotlin support as a first-class citizen in Apache Spark. We encourage you to voice your opinions and participate in the discussion.

Table of Contents

Supported versions of Apache Spark

Apache Spark Kotlin for Apache Spark
3.0.0 0.3 +

Releases

The list of Kotlin for Apache Spark releases is available here. The kotlin-spark-api artifact can be obtained from JitPack.

How to configure Kotlin for Apache Spark in your project

You can add Kotlin for Apache Spark as a dependency to your project: Maven, Gradle, SBT, and leinengen are supported.

Here's an example pom.xml:

<repositories>
    <repository>
        <id>jitpack.io</id>
        <url>https://jitpack.io</url>
    </repository>
</repositories>
<dependency>
    <groupId>com.github.JetBrains.kotlin-spark-api</groupId>
    <artifactId>kotlin-spark-api</artifactId>
    <version>${kotlin-spark-api.version}</version>
</dependency>
<dependency>
    <groupId>org.apache.spark</groupId>
    <artifactId>spark-sql_2.12</artifactId>
    <version>${spark.version}</version>
</dependency>

Note that core is being compiled against Scala version 2.12.
You can find a complete example with pom.xml and build.gradle in the Quick Start Guide.

Once you have configured the dependency, you only need to add the following import to your Kotlin file:

import org.jetbrains.spark.api.*

Kotlin for Apache Spark features

Creating a SparkSession in Kotlin

val spark = SparkSession
        .builder()
        .master("local[2]")
        .appName("Simple Application").orCreate

Creating a Dataset in Kotlin

spark.toDS("a" to 1, "b" to 2)

The example above produces Dataset<Pair<String, Int>>.

Null safety

There are several aliases in API, like leftJoin, rightJoin etc. These are null-safe by design. For example, leftJoin is aware of nullability and returns Dataset<Pair<LEFT, RIGHT?>>. Note that we are forcing RIGHT to be nullable for you as a developer to be able to handle this situation. NullPointerExceptions are hard to debug in Spark, and we doing our best to make them as rare as possible.

withSpark function

We provide you with useful function withSpark, which accepts everything that may be needed to run Spark — properties, name, master location and so on. It also accepts a block of code to execute inside Spark context.

After work block ends, spark.stop() is called automatically.

withSpark {
    dsOf(1, 2)
            .map { it to it }
            .show()
}

dsOf is just one more way to create Dataset (Dataset<Int>) from varargs.

withCached function

It can easily happen that we need to fork our computation to several paths. To compute things only once we should call cache method. However, it becomes difficult to control when we're using cached Dataset and when not. It is also easy to forget to unpersist cached data, which can break things unexpectedly or take up more memory than intended.

To solve these problems we've added withCached function

withSpark {
    dsOf(1, 2, 3, 4, 5)
            .map { it to (it + 2) }
            .withCached {
                showDS()

                filter { it.first % 2 == 0 }.showDS()
            }
            .map { c(it.first, it.second, (it.first + it.second) * 2) }
            .show()
}

Here we're showing cached Dataset for debugging purposes then filtering it. The filter method returns filtered Dataset and then the cached Dataset is being unpersisted, so we have more memory t o call the map method and collect the resulting Dataset.

toList and toArray methods

For more idiomatic Kotlin code we've added toList and toArray methods in this API. You can still use the collect method as in Scala API, however the result should be casted to Array. This is because collect returns a Scala array, which is not the same as Java/Kotlin one.

Examples

For more, check out examples module. To get up and running quickly, check out this tutorial.

Reporting issues/Support

Please use GitHub issues for filing feature requests and bug reports. You are also welcome to join kotlin-spark channel in the Kotlin Slack.

Code of Conduct

This project and the corresponding community is governed by the JetBrains Open Source and Community Code of Conduct. Please make sure you read it.

License

Kotlin for Apache Spark is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License.