Version Matrix

One More Http Server

Netty-based routing dsl

  • no additional dependencies (shapeless/scalaz/zio/cats/etc...), only netty (scala-reflect for compiling time)

TODO

  • more settings/swagger

install:

"com.github.fntz" %% "omhs-dsl" % "0.0.5"
// play-json support
"com.github.fntz" %% "omhs-play-json-support" % "0.0.5"
// circle-json support
"com.github.fntz" %% "omhs-circe-support" % "0.0.5"
// jsoniter support
"com.github.fntz" %% "omhs-jsoniter-support" % "0.0.5"

idea

OMHS is not a web-framework. It's a macro-library for generating routing on top of Netty, something like sinatra.rb. The base idea is simple to execute a function on every path match.

/foo/bar -> execute some function.

Params should be passed from the path to function as arguments.

/foo/:string: -> {(s: String) => ...}

Every function should return something which possible to deserialize to http-response.

In OMHS it is Response-type. For simple requests (fire-and-forget let's say) I use CommonResponse, for streaming is StreamResponse.

But in everyday life, we do not work usually with objects like a simple string, number, most of the cases are get strings/numbers from a database, or from a remote connection, these results probably are wrapped into scala Future, or zio.Task, or another IO-like structure. So for compatibility with another's libraries, OMHS use the AsyncResult object to translate library-wrapped result to OMHS result. Therefore every function should return AsyncResult of Response.

get("test" / uuid) ~> {(uuid: UUID) => 
  AsyncResult.completed(CommonResponse.plain(s"$uuid".getBytes))
}

Transform ZIO-Task to AsyncResult:

val value = zio.Runtime.default.unsafeRun(task) // task returns CommonResponse
AsyncResult.completed(value)

Paths are described as method + url like structure: /foo/bar/ + additional helpers: uuid/string/long/and regex/ or full url-path matcher: *.

headers and cookies do not participate in matching, just paths.

For deserializing body/query need to implement a deserialization strategy: transform from raw string to necessary object.

before work:

  1. add -Ydelambdafy:inline in scalacOptions
  2. add reflect: "org.scala-lang" % "scala-reflect" % scalaVersion.value % "compile"

Examples:

code

code based on zio.Task

Using

Basic

import com.github.fntz.omhs.RoutingDSL._
import com.github.fntz.omhs.AsyncResult
import AsyncResult.Implicits._ // useful implicits for string/futures
// simple methods
get(string / "test" / uuid) ~> { (x: String, u: UUID) => 
  "done"  
}

// * 
get("test" / *) ~> {(xs: List[String]) => 
  "done"
}

// alternative syntax
get("foo" | "bar") ~> { (choice: String) =>
  "done"  
}

Headers/Cookies syntax

// headers / cookies 
post("test" << header("User-Agent") << cookie("name") << header("Accept")) 
  ~> {(userAgent: String, name: String, accept: String)} => {
  "done"  
}

Query Readers

for reading Query part (?foo=bar) need to implement QueryReader:

case class SearchQuery(query: String) 
implicit val querySearchReader = new QueryReader[SearchQuery] {
  override def read(queries: Map[String, Iterable[String]]): Option[SearchQuery] = {
    queries.get("query").flatMap(_.headOption).map(SearchQuery)
  }
}
// queries

("test" :? query[SearchQuery]) ~> {(q: SearchQuery) => "done" }

Read Body

for reading body from current request need to implement BodyReader.

case class Person(id: Int)
implicit val personBodyReader = new BodyReader[Person] {
  override def read(str: String): Person = ???
}

and then:

post("test" <<< body[Person]) ~> { (p: Person) ~> "done" }

Curently the project supports play-json,
circle, and jsoniter

Files

import io.netty.handler.codec.http.multipart.FileUpload

post("test" <<< file) ~> {(f: List[FileUpload]) => "done"}

Access to the Current Request

get(string / "test") ~> { (s: String, request: CurrentHttpRequest) => 
  "done"
}

Streaming

import com.github.fntz.omhs.streams.ChunkedOutputStream
import AsyncResult.Streaming._ // <- from stream to AsyncResult
get("steaming") ~> { (stream: ChunkedOutputStream) => 
    stream.write("123".getBytes())
    stream.write("456".getBytes())
    stream.write("789".getBytes())
    // or with << 
    stream << "000"
    stream  
}

Note: ChunkedOutputStream must be last or penultimate argument:

(stream: ChunkedOutputStream, req: CurrentHttpRequest) => or (req: CurrentHttpRequest, stream: ChunkedOutputStream) => is valid.

From Scala Future to AsyncResponse

implicit val ec = executor

import com.github.fntz.omhs.AsyncResult.Implicits._ 

get("asd") ~> {() => 
  Future("dsad")
}

Moar? sinatra like dsl

import moar._ 

val rule = get("test" / string) ~> route { (x: String) => 
  if (x == "foo") {
    implicit val enc = ServerCookieEncoder.STRICT // need for setting cookie
    status(200)
    setHeader("foo", "bar")
    setCookie("asd", "qwe")
    val c = new DefaultCookie("a", "b")
    c.setDomain("example.com")
    setCookie(c)
    setHeader("x-header", "v-value")
    contentType("apllication/custom-type")
    "done" 
  } else {
    status(400)
    setHeader("y-header", "y-value")
    contentType("application/custom-another-type")
    "not-found"
  }
}

Error handling in application

val route = new Route().addRules(r1, r2, r3).onUnhandled {
    case PathNotFound(p) =>
      CommonResponse.json(404, s"$p not found")
    case _ =>
      CommonResponse.json(500, "boom")
  }

Options:

val customSetup = Setup(
  timeFormatter = DateTimeFormatter.RFC_1123_DATE_TIME
    .withZone(ZoneOffset.UTC).withLocale(Locale.US),
  sendServerHeader = false,
  cookieDecoderStrategy = CookieDecoderStrategy.Lax,
  maxContentLength = 512*1024,
  enableCompression = false,
  chunkSize = 1000,
  isSupportHttp2 = true
)

Run server

val rule1 = ...
val rule2 = ...
val rule3 = ...

val route = new Route().addRules(rule1, rule2, rule3)
val server = OMHSServer.init(9000, route.toHandler)

// you can change ServerBootstrap
val server = OMHSServer.run(
    port = 9000, 
    handler = route.toHandler,
    sslContext = Some(OMHSServer.getJdkSslContext),
    serverBootstrapChanges = (s: ServerBootstrap) => {
        s.options(...).childOptions(...)
    }
  )

// then 

server.start()  
  
// and stop programmatically

server.stop()  

check codegen:

pass -Domhs.logLevel=verbose|info|none to sbt/options

License: MIT