Idiomatic Scala wrapper for the Telegram Bot API

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bot4s.telegram

Simple, extensible, strongly-typed wrapper for the Telegram Bot API.

Table of contents

As SBT/mill dependency

Add to your build.sbt file:

// Core with minimal dependencies, enough to spawn your first bot.
libraryDependencies += "com.bot4s" %% "telegram-core" % "4.4.0-RC2"

// Extra goodies: Webhooks, support for games, bindings for actors.
libraryDependencies += "com.bot4s" %% "telegram-akka" % "4.4.0-RC2"

For mill add to your build.sc project deps:

ivy"com.bot4s::telegram-core:4.4.0-RC2", // core
ivy"com.bot4s::telegram-akka:4.4.0-RC2"  // extra goodies

Leaking bot tokens

Don't ever expose your bot's token.

Hopefully GitGuardian got you covered and will warn you about exposed API keys.

Webhooks vs. Polling

Both methods are supported. (Long) Polling is bundled in the core artifact and it's by far the easiest method.

Webhook support comes in the extra artifact based on akka-http; requires a server, it won't work on your laptop. For a comprehensive reference check Marvin's Patent Pending Guide to All Things Webhook.

Payments

Payments are supported since version 3.0; refer to official payments documentation for details. I'll support developers willing to integrate and/or improve the payments API; please report issues here.

Games

The Akka extensions include support for games in two flavors; self-hosted (served by the bot itself), and external, hosted on e.g. GitHub Pages. Check both the self-hosted and GitHub-hosted versions of the popular 2048 game.

Deployment

bot4s.telegram runs on Raspberry Pi, Heroku, Google App Engine and most notably on an old Android (4.1.2) phone with a broken screen via the JDK for ARM. Bots also runs flawlessly on top of my master thesis: "A meta-circular Java bytecode interpreter for the GraalVM".

Distribution/deployment is outside the scope of the library, but all platforms where Java is supported should be compatible. You may find sbt-assembly and sbt-docker very handy.

Scala.js is also supported, bots can run on the browser via the SttpClient. NodeJs is not supported yet.

Running the examples

bot4s.telegram uses mill.

$ mill -i "examples.jvm[2.12.8].console"
[84/84] examples[2.12.6].console 
Welcome to Scala 2.12.6 (OpenJDK 64-Bit Server VM, Java 1.8.0_162).
Type in expressions for evaluation. Or try :help.

scala> new RandomBot("BOT_TOKEN").run()

Change RandomBot to whatever bot you find interesting here.

A note on implicits

A few implicits are provided to reduce boilerplate, but are discouraged because unexpected side-effects.

Think seamless T => Option[T] conversion, Markdown string extensions (these are fine)...
Be aware that, for conciseness, most examples need the implicits to compile, be sure to include them.

import com.bot4s.telegram.Implicits._

Examples

RandomBot! (full example)

import cats.instances.future._
import cats.syntax.functor._
import com.bot4s.telegram.api.RequestHandler
import com.bot4s.telegram.api.declarative.Commands
import com.bot4s.telegram.clients.{FutureSttpClient, ScalajHttpClient}
import com.bot4s.telegram.future.{Polling, TelegramBot}
import slogging.{LogLevel, LoggerConfig, PrintLoggerFactory}

import scala.util.Try
import scala.concurrent.Future

/** Generates random values.
  */
class RandomBot(val token: String) extends TelegramBot
  with Polling
  with Commands[Future] {

  LoggerConfig.factory = PrintLoggerFactory()
  // set log level, e.g. to TRACE
  LoggerConfig.level = LogLevel.TRACE

  // Use sttp-based backend
  implicit val backend = SttpBackends.default
  override val client: RequestHandler[Future] = new FutureSttpClient(token)

  // Or just the scalaj-http backend
  // override val client: RequestHandler[Future] = new ScalajHttpClient(token)

  val rng = new scala.util.Random(System.currentTimeMillis())
  onCommand("coin" or "flip") { implicit msg =>
    reply(if (rng.nextBoolean()) "Head!" else "Tail!").void
  }
  onCommand('real | 'double | 'float) { implicit msg =>
    reply(rng.nextDouble().toString).void
  }
  onCommand("/dice" | "roll") { implicit msg =>
    reply("⚀⚁⚂⚃⚄⚅" (rng.nextInt(6)).toString).void
  }
  onCommand("random" or "rnd") { implicit msg =>
    withArgs {
      case Seq(Int(n)) if n > 0 =>
        reply(rng.nextInt(n).toString).void
      case _ => reply("Invalid argumentヽ(ಠ_ಠ)ノ").void
    }
  }
  onCommand('choose | 'pick | 'select) { implicit msg =>
    withArgs { args =>
      replyMd(if (args.isEmpty) "No arguments provided." else args(rng.nextInt(args.size))).void
    }
  }

  // Int(n) extractor
  object Int {
    def unapply(s: String): Option[Int] = Try(s.toInt).toOption
  }
}

 
// To run spawn the bot
val bot = new RandomBot("BOT_TOKEN")
val eol = bot.run()
println("Press [ENTER] to shutdown the bot, it may take a few seconds...")
scala.io.StdIn.readLine()
bot.shutdown() // initiate shutdown
// Wait for the bot end-of-life
Await.result(eol, Duration.Inf)

Google TTS (full example)

import java.net.URLEncoder

import cats.instances.future._
import cats.syntax.functor._
import com.bot4s.telegram.Implicits._
import com.bot4s.telegram.api.declarative._
import com.bot4s.telegram.api.ChatActions
import com.bot4s.telegram.future.Polling
import com.bot4s.telegram.methods._
import com.bot4s.telegram.models._

import scala.concurrent.Future

/** Text-to-speech bot (using Google TTS API)
  *
  * Google will rightfully block your IP in case of abuse.
  * Usage: /speak Hello World
  */
object TextToSpeechBot extends TelegramBot
  with Polling
  with Commands[Future]
  with InlineQueries[Future]
  with ChatActions[Future] {
  
  override val client: RequestHandler[Future] = new ScalajHttpClient("BOT_TOKEN")
  
  def ttsUrl(text: String): String =
    s"http://translate.google.com/translate_tts?client=tw-ob&tl=en-us&q=${URLEncoder.encode(text, "UTF-8")}"

  onCommand("speak" | "say" | "talk") { implicit msg =>
    withArgs { args =>
      val text = args.mkString(" ")
      for {
        r <- Future { scalaj.http.Http(ttsUrl(text)).asBytes }
        if r.isSuccess
        bytes = r.body
        _ <- uploadingAudio // hint the user
        voiceMp3 = InputFile("voice.mp3", bytes)
        _ <- request(SendVoice(msg.source, voiceMp3))
      } yield ()
    }
  }
}

val bot = TextToSpeechBot
val eol = bot.run()
println("Press [ENTER] to shutdown the bot, it may take a few seconds...")
scala.io.StdIn.readLine()
bot.shutdown() // initiate shutdown
// Wait for the bot end-of-life
Await.result(eol, Duration.Inf) // ScalaJs wont't let you do this

Using webhooks

object LmgtfyBot extends AkkaTelegramBot
  with Webhook
  with Commands[Future] {
  
  val client = new AkkaHttpClient("BOT_TOKEN")  
  override val port = 8443
  override val webhookUrl = "https://1d1ceb07.ngrok.io"
  
  onCommand("lmgtfy") { implicit msg =>
    withArgs { args =>
      reply(
        "http://lmgtfy.com/?q=" + URLEncoder.encode(args.mkString(" "), "UTF-8"),
        disableWebPagePreview = Some(true)
      )
    }
  }
}

Check out the sample bots for more functionality.

Versioning

This library uses Semantic Versioning. For the versions available, see the tags on this repository.

Authors

  • Alfonso² Peterssen - Owner/maintainer - :octocat: mukel

Looking for maintainers!

See also the list of awesome contributors who participated in this project. Contributions are very welcome, documentation improvements/corrections, bug reports, even feature requests.

License

This project is licensed under the Apache 2.0 License - see the LICENSE file for details.

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