absaoss / spline-spark-agent

Spline agent for Apache Spark

Version Matrix

Spark Agent / Harvester

This module is responsible for listening to spark command events and converting them to spline lineage.

Maven Central TeamCity build Sonarcloud Status SonarCloud Maintainability SonarCloud Reliability SonarCloud Security

Spark / Scala version compatibility matrix

Scala 2.11 Scala 2.12
Spark 2.2 (no SQL; no codeless init)
Spark 2.3 (no Delta support)
Spark 2.4 Yes Yes


  • agent-core_Y is a classic maven library that you can use with any compatible Spark version.
  • spark-X-spline-agent-bundle_Y is a fat jar. That means it contains all dependencies inside.

X represents Spark version and Y represents Scala version.

Spark commands support

The latest agent supports the following data formats and providers out of the box:

  • Avro
  • Cassandra
  • Delta
  • ElasticSearch
  • Excel
  • HDFS
  • Hive
  • JDBC
  • Kafka
  • MongoDB
  • XML

Although Spark being an extensible piece of software can support much more, it doesn't provide any universal API that Spline can utilize to capture reads and write from/to everything that Spark supports. Support for most of different data sources and formats has to be added to Spline one by one. Fortunately starting with Spline 0.5.4 the auto discoverable Plugin API has been introduced to make this process easier.

Below is the break down of the read/write command list that we have come through.
Some commands are implemented, others have yet to be implemented, and finally there are such that bear no lineage information and hence are ignored.

All commands inherit from org.apache.spark.sql.catalyst.plans.logical.Command.

You can see how to produce unimplemented commands in za.co.absa.spline.harvester.SparkUnimplementedCommandsSpec.


  • CreateDataSourceTableAsSelectCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateHiveTableAsSelectCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.hive.execution)
  • CreateTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DropTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • InsertIntoDataSourceDirCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • InsertIntoHadoopFsRelationCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources)
  • InsertIntoHiveDirCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.hive.execution)
  • InsertIntoHiveTable (org.apache.spark.sql.hive.execution)
  • SaveIntoDataSourceCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources)

To be implemented

  • AlterTableAddColumnsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableChangeColumnCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableRenameCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableSetLocationCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateDataSourceTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateDatabaseCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateTableLikeCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DropDatabaseCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • LoadDataCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • TruncateTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)

When one of these commands occurs spline will let you know.

  • When it's running in REQUIRED mode it will throw an UnsupportedSparkCommandException.
  • When it's running in BEST_EFFORT mode it will just log a warning.


  • AddFileCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AddJarCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterDatabasePropertiesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableAddPartitionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableDropPartitionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableRecoverPartitionsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableRenamePartitionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableSerDePropertiesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableSetPropertiesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterTableUnsetPropertiesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AlterViewAsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AnalyzeColumnCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AnalyzePartitionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • AnalyzeTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CacheTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ClearCacheCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateFunctionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • CreateTempViewUsing (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources)
  • CreateViewCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DescribeColumnCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DescribeDatabaseCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DescribeFunctionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DescribeTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • DropFunctionCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ExplainCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • InsertIntoDataSourceCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources) *
  • ListFilesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ListJarsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • RefreshResource (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources)
  • RefreshTable (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.datasources)
  • ResetCommand$ (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • SetCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • SetDatabaseCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowColumnsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowCreateTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowDatabasesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowFunctionsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowPartitionsCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowTablePropertiesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • ShowTablesCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • StreamingExplainCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)
  • UncacheTableCommand (org.apache.spark.sql.execution.command)

*) SaveIntoDataSourceCommand is produced at the same time, and it's already implemented.

Developer documentation

Plugin API

Using a plugin API you can capture lineage from a 3rd party data source provider. Spline discover plugins automatically by scanning a classpath, so no special steps required to register and configure a plugin. All you need is to create a class extending the za.co.absa.spline.harvester.plugin.Plugin marker trait mixed with one or more *Processing traits, depending on your intention.

There are three general processing traits:

  • DataSourceFormatNameResolving - returns a name of a data provider/format in use.
  • ReadNodeProcessing - detects a read-command and gather meta information.
  • WriteNodeProcessing - detects a write-command and gather meta information.

There are also two additional trait that handle common cases of reading and writing:

  • BaseRelationProcessing - similar to ReadNodeProcessing, but instead of capturing all logical plan nodes it only reacts on LogicalRelation (see LogicalRelationPlugin)
  • RelationProviderProcessing - similar to WriteNodeProcessing, but it only captures SaveIntoDataSourceCommand (see SaveIntoDataSourceCommandPlugin)

The best way to illustrate how plugins work is to look at the real working example, e.g. za.co.absa.spline.harvester.plugin.embedded.JDBCPlugin

The most common simplified pattern looks like this:

package my.spline.plugin

import javax.annotation.Priority
import za.co.absa.spline.harvester.builder._
import za.co.absa.spline.harvester.plugin.Plugin._
import za.co.absa.spline.harvester.plugin._

@Priority(Precedence.User) // not required, but can be used to control your plugin precedence in the plugin chain. Default value is `User`.  
class FooBarPlugin
  extends Plugin
    with BaseRelationProcessing
    with RelationProviderProcessing {

  override def baseRelationProcessor: PartialFunction[(BaseRelation, LogicalRelation), ReadNodeInfo] = {
    case (FooBarRelation(a, b, c, d), lr) if /*more conditions*/ =>
      val dataFormat: Option[AnyRef] = ??? // data format being read (will be resolved by the `DataSourceFormatResolver` later)
      val dataSourceURI: String = ??? // a unique URI for the data source
      val params: Map[String, Any] = ??? // additional parameters characterizing the read-command. E.g. (connection protocol, access mode, driver options etc)

      (SourceIdentifier(dataFormat, dataSourceURI), params)

  override def relationProviderProcessor: PartialFunction[(AnyRef, SaveIntoDataSourceCommand), WriteNodeInfo] = {
    case (provider, cmd) if provider == "foobar" || provider.isInstanceOf[FooBarProvider] =>
      val dataFormat: Option[AnyRef] = ??? // data format being written (will be resolved by the `DataSourceFormatResolver` later)
      val dataSourceURI: String = ??? // a unique URI for the data source
      val writeMode: SaveMode = ??? // was it Append or Overwrite?
      val query: LogicalPlan = ??? // the logical plan to get the rest of the lineage from
      val params: Map[String, Any] = ??? // additional parameters characterizing the write-command

      (SourceIdentifier(dataFormat, dataSourceURI), writeMode, query, params)

Please note: to avoid unwanted possible shadowing the other plugins (including the future ones), make sure that the pattern-matching criteria are as much selective as possible for your plugin needs.

A plugin class is expected to only have a single constructor. The constructor can have no arguments, or one or more of the following types (the values will be autowired):

  • SparkSession
  • PathQualifier
  • PluginRegistry

Compile you plugin and drop it into the Spline/Spark classpath. Spline will pick it up automatically.

Building for different Scala and Spark versions

There are several maven profiles that makes it easy to build the project with different versions of Spark and Scala.

  • Scala profiles: scala-2.11, scala-2.12
  • Spark profiles: spark-2.2, spark-2.3, spark-2.4

However, maven is not able to change an artifact name using profile. To do that we use scala-cross-build-maven-plugin.

Example of usage:

# Change Scala version in pom.xml.
mvn scala-cross-build:change-version -Pscala-2.12

# now you can build for Scala 2.12
mvn clean package -Pscala-2.12,spark-2.4

# Change back to the default Scala version.
mvn scala-cross-build:restore-version

Copyright 2019 ABSA Group Limited

Licensed under the Apache License, Version 2.0 (the "License");
you may not use this file except in compliance with the License.
You may obtain a copy of the License at


Unless required by applicable law or agreed to in writing, software
distributed under the License is distributed on an "AS IS" BASIS,
See the License for the specific language governing permissions and
limitations under the License.